Vuefire API Reference

For all code samples, we will consider a db variable is imported as follows:

import firebase from 'firebase/app'
import 'firebase/firestore'

// Get a Firestore instance
const db = firebase.initializeApp({ projectId: 'MY PROJECT ID' }).firestore()

firestorePlugin

Vue plugin to add support for the firestore option as well $bind, $unbind and $firestoreRefs

import Vue from 'vue'
import { firestorePlugin } from 'vuefire'

Vue.use(firestorePlugin, options)

options

  • bindName: name for the $bind method added to all Vue components. Defaults to $bind.
  • unbindName: name for the $unbind method added to all Vue components. Defaults to $unbind.
  • serialize: a function to provide a custom serialization strategy when a document from firebase is set on the Vue instance. This allows to customize the id key, to transform data, ignore or support extra properties like distance with Geofirestore
  • reset: global version of reset option
  • wait: global version of wait option

options.serialize

The function receives a DocumentSnapshot as its first argument and is expected to return a plain object to be set on the Vue Instance. Here is the default function that is used when no override is provided:

const serialize = (snapshot: firestore.DocumentSnapshot) => {
  // documentSnapshot.data() DOES NOT contain the `id` of the document. By
  // default, Vuefire adds it as a non enumerable property named id.
  // This allows to easily create copies when updating documents, as using
  // the spread operator won't copy it
  return Object.defineProperty(doc.data(), 'id', { value: doc.id })
}

Vue.use(firestorePlugin, { serialize })

firestore option

This option is only available after installing firestorePlugin

Provide an object of properties to be bound to a Firestore Collection, Document or Query. Those properties must be declared in data as well:

new Vue({
  data: {
    todos: [],
    finishedTodos: [],
    currentTodo: null,
  },
  firestore: {
    todos: db.collection('todos'),
    finishedTodos: todos.where('finished', '==', true),
    currentTodo: db.collection('todos').doc('1'),
  },
})
  • Use an empty array [] as the initial value for a property holding a collection or query so v-for always work
  • Use null for documents so you can wrap a v-if around to skip the inner rendering process and errors like Cannot read property "name" of null

You can also provide a function that returns an object and access local variables:

new Vue({
  data: {
    currentTodo: null,
  },
  firestore() {
    return {
      currentTodo: db.collection('todos').doc(this.selectedDocument),
    }
  },
})

Keep in mind currentTodo won't be kept in sync with selectedDocument. You will have to use $bind with watch property or, if you are using the router, a guard like beforeRouteUpdate.

$bind

This method is only available after installing firestorePlugin

Programatically binds a collection, document or query to an existing property (created in data). It's what is called for you when using the firestore option:

  • this.$bind(key: string, reference: Query, options?): Promise<Object[]>
  • this.$bind(key: string, reference: Document, options?): Promise<Object>
const documents = db.collection('documents')

export default {
  props: ['documentId'],
  data: () => ({ currentDocument: null }),
  firestore() {
    return {
      currentDocument: documents.doc(this.documentId),
    }
  },
  watch: {
    documentId(id) {
      // $bind automatically unbinds the previously bound property
      this.$bind('currentDocument', documents.doc(id))
    },
  },
}

$bind returns a Promise that is resolved once the data has been completely fetched and synced into the state. This means, it will wait for any references inside any of the documents bound. By default it stops at a level 2 nesting

options

Object that can contain the following properties:

  • maxRefDepth: How many levels of nested references should be automatically bound. Defaults to 2, meaning that References inside of References inside of documents bound with $bind will automatically be bound too.
  • reset: Allows to define the behavior when a previously bound reference is unbound. Defaults to true, which resets the property in the vue instance to null for documents and to an empty array [] for collections. It can also be set to a function returning a value to customize the value set. Setting it to false will keep the data as-is when unbinding.
  • wait: Waits for the binding to be completely resolved before setting the value in data. This will also force reset: false unless reset is provided as a function.
  • serialize: same as plugin options

$unbind

This method is only available after installing firestorePlugin

Unsubscribe from updates for a given key as well as any nested reference that is being listened to. Also removes the Reference from $firestoreRefs

this.$unbind(key: string, reset?: FirestoreOptions['reset']): void

The reset parameter accepts the same values as the property reset of $bind's third paramenter options.

$firestoreRefs

This property is only available after installing firestorePlugin

Dictionary containing currently bound collections, queries or documents

const documents = db.collection('documents')
this.$bind('documents', documents)
this.$firestoreRefs.documents === documents

rtdbPlugin

Vue plugin to add support for the firebase option as well as $rtdbBind, $rtdbUnbind and $firebaseRefs.

import Vue from 'vue'
import { rtdbPlugin } from 'vuefire'

Vue.use(rtdbPlugin, options)

options

  • bindName: name for the $rtdbBind method added to all Vue components. Defaults to $rtdbBind.
  • unbindName: name for the $rtdbUnbind method added to all Vue components. Defaults to $rtdbUnbind.
  • serialize: a function to provide a custom serialization strategy when a document from firebase is set on the Vue instance. This allows to customize the id key, to transform data, etc.
  • reset: global version of reset option
  • wait: global version of wait option

options.serialize

The function receives a DataSnapshot as its first argument and is expected to return a plain object to be set on the Vue instance. Here is the default function that is used when no override is provided:

const serialize = (snapshot: database.DataSnapshot) => {
  const value = snapshot.val()
  // if the value is a primitive, we create an object instead and assign the .value
  const doc = isObject(value) ? value : Object.defineProperty({}, '.value', { value })
  // you could change `.key` by `id` if you want to be able to write
  Object.defineProperty(doc, '.key', { value: snapshot.key })

  return doc
}

Vue.use(rtdbPlugin, { serialize })

firebase option

This option is only available after installing rtdbPlugin

Provide an object of properties to be bound to a Firebase Reference or Query. Those properties must be declared in data as well:

new Vue({
  data: {
    todos: [],
    finishedTodos: [],
    currentTodo: null,
  },
  firebase: {
    todos: db.ref('todos'),
    finishedTodos: todos.orderByChild('finished').equalTo(true),
    currentTodo: db.ref('todos/1'),
  },
})
  • Use an empty array [] as the initial value for a property that must be bound as an Array
  • Use null if you want vuefire to bind References as objects

You can also provide a function that returns an object and access local variables:

new Vue({
  data: {
    currentTodo: null,
  },
  firebase() {
    return {
      currentTodo: db.ref('todos/' + this.selectedDocument),
    }
  },
})

Keep in mind currentTodo won't be kept in sync with selectedDocument. You will have to use $rtdbBind with watch property or, if you are using the router, a guard like beforeRouteUpdate.

$rtdbBind

This method is only available after installing rtdbPlugin

$rtdbBind allows you to programatically bind a Reference or query to an existing property (created in data). It is called for you when you use the firebase option:

this.$rtdbBind(key: string, reference: Reference | Query, options?): Promise<Object | Array>

Depending on the type of the property, the Reference or Query will be bound as an array or as an object.

const documents = db.ref('documents')

export default {
  props: ['documentId'],
  data: () => ({ currentDocument: null }),
  firebase() {
    return {
      currentDocument: documents.child(this.documentId),
    }
  },
  watch: {
    documentId(id) {
      // $rtdbBind automatically unbinds the previously bound property
      // `currentDocument` will be bound as an object because it's value
      // is not an array
      this.$rtdbBind('currentDocument', documents.child(id))
    },
  },
}

$rtdbBind returns a Promise that is resolved once the data has been retrieved and synced into the state.

options

Object that can contain the following properties:

  • reset: Allows to define the behavior when a previously bound reference is unbound. Defaults to true, which resets the property in the vue instance to null for properties bound as objects and to an empty array [] for properties bound as arrays. It can also be set to a function returning a value to customize the value set. Setting it to false will keep the data as-is when unbinding.
  • wait: Waits for the binding to be completely resolved before setting the value in data. This will also force reset: false unless reset is provided as a function.
  • serialize: Same as plugin options

$rtdbUnbind

This method is only available after installing rtdbPlugin

Unsubscribes from updates for a given key and removes the given Reference from $firebaseRefs

this.$rtdbUnbind(key: string, reset?: RTDBOptions['reset']): void

The reset parameter accepts the same values as the property reset of $rtdbBind's third paramenter options.

$firebaseRefs

This property is only available after installing rtdbPlugin

Dictionary containing References to currently bound References and Queries

const documents = db.ref('documents')
this.$rtdbBind('documents', documents)
this.$firebaseRefs.documents === documents